Transcript of LOS NUKAK MAKU. LOS NUKAK MAKU LOS NUKAK MAKU LA ÚLTIMA TRIBU NÓMADA Desde el primer contacto regular en. Los ultimos nomadas de Colombia. Los nukak maku. 1, views. Share; Like; Download c31dsolano · Follow. Published on Nov 9, Los nukak se habían visto obligados a huir de sus hogares cuando la Los makú viven en pequeños grupos familiares, prefieren la selva.

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Ina group of nearly 80 Nukak left the jungle and sought assimilation along with cultural preservation. In the following years, partly as a result of loggers and coca growers encroaching on their land, more and more Nukak came into contact with outsiders and many were devastated by diseases such as malaria and flu. They specially hunt several species of monkeys Alouatta spp. The Nukak eat several species of fish, like Hoplias sp. When they do not have matches or lighters, they use special wood Pausandra nuksk to produce fire.

A Nukak mother and child.

At present time they do not make mirrors with the resin of Trattinickia glaziovii nor stone axes like they did in past times. Nukak Spanish speakers rare. Each family has its own hearth, used to keep warm, cook, and to burn certain plants to keep mosquitoes away. Until they practised pottery in small scale, producing a small kind of pot to take with them on their travels and a second, bigger nuksk, to leave as supplies in their key camping sites.

They ls blades with the teeth of piranha, but lately they also use metallic ones. The men hunt using blowguns, with darts tipped with curarea poison made from up to five different plants.

Nukak – Survival International

In order to look for a pairing, a man must have gone through an initiation ritual in which he endures several penalties and difficulties, to demonstrate the fundamental abilities for the subsistence and consumes a hallucinogen Virola sp. If the woman still lives in the home of the father, the gifts must include him. As a result, many Nukak have been forced to flee their homes and seek refuge on the outskirts of a town called San Jose del Guaviare.

The most suitable couple is one made up by crossed cousins. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

As one of the migrants, Pia-pe, put it: Malu they use javelins of Socratea exorrhiza palm wood to hunt two species of peccaries Tayassu pecari and T. A man can marry several wives, although a single wife is most common, and examples of three or more are rare. Ancestry and ethnicity in Colombia. After campaigns led by Survival and local indigenous organisations, the Colombian government created a Nukak reserve in and enlarged it in Pages using deprecated image syntax “Related ethnic groups” needing confirmation Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters Articles with Spanish-language external links Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers.


Because they are so mobile, they have very few possessions, and what they have is easily portable.

The Nukak also capture rodents Cuniculus sp. What the Nukak want now is for the boundaries of their reserve to be respected and for them to be able to live there in peace.

They are constantly on the move, spending just a few days in any one place. The groups practice a form of exchange, “ihinihat”, especially when all the resources are not in the same territory. If the woman accepts, she settles down in the encampment of the man and if they have a child then they are considered a formal pair, which establishes mutual relations of kinshipexpressed in rights and duties of reciprocity.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Left-wing guerrillas, right-wing paramilitaries and the Oos army all have troops there fighting over the coca, the raw material for cocaine. Retrieved from ” https: The Nukak have already suffered the devastation of their population by malariamaky and pulmonary diseases since their contact with the New Tribes Mission and other outsiders beginning in ; [1] now, coca growers, left-wing FARC guerillasright-wing AUC paramilitaries and the Colombian army have occupied their lands.

This polygyny coexists with a temporal polyandry during the pregnancy in order to improve the qualities of the baby.

Nukak dispossession highlights Amazonian tribes’ plight

They are nomadic hunter-gatherers with seasonal nomadic patterns and in addition they practice a shifting horticulture in small scale. Each domestic group is part of a territorial group and other groups that are established to perform specific duties like security measures, according to the different stations and situations. Nukak neither hunt nor eat brocket deerOdocoileus virginianus and tapirs Tapirus terrestris ; these animals are considered by them as part of the same group of origin as human beings.

They collect vegetal materials like the elements necessary to cover their encampments “wopyi” with leaves of Phenakospermum guyannense and palms ; to make their hammocks with fiber of the cumare palm Astrocaryum sp. In certain special occasions different groups join, after they practice a special ritual, “entiwat”, in which the groups dance face to face, striking and verbally injuring each other until the ritual reaches a climatic moment in which they all embrace, weeping while they remember their ancestors and express affection.


Niall Ferguson cites them as an example of a hunter-gathering tribe which, hitherto ignorant of a money economy, has shown itself happy to exchange an arduous traditional life in their jungle homelands for a subsistence existence based on government handouts at the periphery of a globalized world of finance.

Se suicida un líder indígena, desesperado por la inminente extinción de su pueblo en Colombia

Other Nukak were forced to leave at gun-point. An ” uncontacted people ” until[1] they have since lost half of their population, primarily to disease. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Nukak take the sweet resin from “mupabuat” Lacunal sp. Please write to the Colombian government to urge them to ensure the Nukak can return to their land.

But the consequences of regular contact were appalling. These aboriginals have therefore become embroiled in Colombia’s armed conflict. After a flu epidemic and the tragic suicide of one of their spokesmen, Mao-be, the Nukak abandoned the area and went back to San Jose.

Nukak – Wikipedia

Nukak are expert hunters. Parallel cousins marriage is forbidden, that being the reason why each man looks for a suitable woman in groups where his maternal sisters and aunts are married and therefore the unmarried are eligible. Nukak houses tend to be very light structures made of wood and palm-leaves, just enough to provide a roof to sling a hammock under.

The men hunt using blowguns, with darts coated with curare “manyi”, a poison made from different plants curares. Lately, part nukqk this activity is done using cord and metal fishooks, although the Nukak, to this day, still catch their fish in the traditional way, with bow and arrow or harpoons, traps or baskets “mei”, water cages.

A Financial history of the world, Penguin Books, p.