For the purpose of the article, the terms urolithiasis, nephrolithiasis and renal/ kidney stones are used interchangeably, although some authors have slightly. 13 dez. Litíase Renal Etiologia Patogenia Objetivos do trabalho epidemiologia etiologia patogenia tratamento alterações funcionais e/ou morfológicas. Litíase Renal. BS. Beatriz Santos. Updated 19 May Transcript. Litíase Renal. Excesso de cálcio; oxalato;. ácido úrico; cistina na urina.

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Urinary lithiasis in renal allografts

Transplantation Proccedings ; Pedro Henrique Cards —. An indirect method for urinary oxalate estimation.

On CT there is usually little confusion as not only is CT exquisitely sensitive in detecting stones, but their location can also ljtiase precisely noted. Twenty-nine of the evaluated patients were female or Ultrasound is frequently the first investigation of the urinary tract, and although by no means as sensitive as CT, it is often able to identify calculi.

Open surgeries have been virtually abandoned in recent decades.

The double-J stents used in many of these patients are revolutionary for reducing the incidence of complications, but they can also cause much discomfort to some patients.


The alpha-blockers currently available to increase the chance of eliminating calculi are highly efficient and should be prescribed whenever possible. Javier Moreira Cards —. However, the limitations of the off-label use of these drugs and their side effects must be well known.

Urinary lithiasis: the perfect balance

Laura Katz Cards —. Transplant Proc ; Contemporary management of ureteral stones.

Hydration and alkalinisation are usually first line therapy. Correspondence between stone composition and urine supersaturation in nephrolithiasis. The differential of renal calculi is essentially that of abdominal calcifications. In this sense, professionals involved in treating litizse patients should maintain an ethical position, educating and reassuring patients, without letting themselves be led by financial interests, and focusing on litiasf the best therapeutic outcomes for patients.

Unable to process the form. Journal List Einstein Sao Paulo v. Dietary and behavioral factors can be corrected, mainly by increasing water intake, which significantly decreases the risk of relapse.

Crohn’s disease and kidney stones: much more than coincidence?

Cesar Copaja Corzo Cards —. The mean age of patients bearing lithiasis was This is of course provided that the kidney is not obstructed and infected in which case a percutaneous nephrostomy should be performed on an emergency basis to save the organ and prevent sepsis.


Urol Radiol ; 7: Seven patients had no complains, 2 had associated urinary tract infection and 1 a rise in serum creatinine.

Struvite magnesium ammonium phosphate or “triple phosphate” stones are usually seen in the setting of infection with urease-producing bacteria e. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

In most instances, no real cause can be identified, although most patients have idiopathic hypercalciuria without hypercalcaemia.

Capítulo 18 Litíase Renal

Some social factors, such as frequent travelers, airline pilots, individuals who live far from hospitals, with a solitary kidney, history of renal colics, women wanting future pregnancies etc.

Litiasw refers to the presence of calculi anywhere along the course of the urinary tracts.

Jose Curiel Ayala Cards —. Synonyms or Alternate Spellings: In this century, we have seen the improvement of techniques and the refinement of indications. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol.