Sistema de clasificación para la leucemia mieloide aguda infantil del grupo French-American-British M2: leucemia mieloblástica aguda con diferenciación. En la leucemia mieloide aguda, se fabrica una cantidad excesiva de glóbulos blancos inmaduros (denominados blastos mieloides). Se trata de células. Revisado La guía sobre la AML. Información para pacientes y cuidadores. Leucemia mieloide aguda. EMILY, sobreviviente de AML.

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Multiple cases of AML developing in a family at a rate higher than predicted by chance alone have been reported.

The prognostic importance of other mutated genes e. Chemotherapyradiation therapystem cell transplant [1] agudaa. Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.

Rueda; Maristela Zocca; Gislaine B. Retrieved 19 December In rare cases, people with AML can develop a chloromaleucemi solid tumor of leukemic cells outside the bone marrow, which can cause various symptoms depending on its location.

A number of other cytogenetic abnormalities are known to associate with a poor prognosis and a high risk of relapse after treatment.

Leucemia Mieloide Aguda | Blausen Medical

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. First-line treatment of AML consists primarily of chemotherapyand is divided into two phases: This category includes so-called “transient abnormal myelopoiesis” and “Myeloid leukemia associated with Down syndrome”.

Retrieved 10 May A lack of normal white blood cell production makes people more susceptible to infections; while the leukemic cells themselves are derived from white blood cell precursors, they have no infection-fighting capacity.


Occasionally, a person may show no symptomsand the leukemia may be discovered incidentally during a routine blood test. The combination of a myeloperoxidase or Sudan black stain and a nonspecific esterase stain will provide the desired information in most cases. Mast cell leukemia Mast cell sarcoma Systemic mastocytosis. Retrieved 18 March The M3 subtype of AML, also known as acute promyelocytic leukemia APLis almost universally treated with the drug all- trans -retinoic acid ATRA in addition to induction chemotherapy, usually an anthracycline.

Lymph node swelling is rare in AML, in contrast to acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leukemia is rarely associated with pregnancy, affecting only about 1 in 10, pregnant women. Smokingprevious chemotherapy or radiation therapymyelodysplastic syndromebenzene [1].

Cancer and Leukemia Group B”. Benzene and many of its derivatives are known to be carcinogenic in vitro. Acute myelogenous leukaemia with an 8;21 translocation.

The early signs of AML are often vague and nonspecific, and may be similar to those of influenza or other common illnesses.

Retrieved 2 January A lack of platelets can lead to easy bruising or bleeding with minor trauma. The clinical signs and symptoms of AML result from the growth of leukemic clone cells, which tends to displace or interfere with the development of zguda blood cells in the bone marrow.

Leucemia Mieloide Aguda

Rarely, Sweet’s syndromea paraneoplastic inflammation of the skin, can occur with AML. Retrieved 12 March The Mount Sinai Hospital. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins.


Exposure to anticancer chemotherapyin particular alkylating agentscan increase the risk of subsequently developing AML. Efforts to use tyrosine kinase inhibitors in AML continue. Occupational chemical exposure to benzene leucemla other aromatic organic solvents is controversial as a cause of AML.

The malignant cell in AML is the myeloblast. A large number of molecular alterations are under study for their prognostic impact in AML.

¿Qué causa la leucemia mieloide aguda?

Acute myeloid leukemia is a relatively rare cancer. As Virchow was uncertain of the etiology of the white blood leucemiaa excess, he used the purely descriptive term “leukemia” Greek: Retrieved 27 October Bennett; he used the term “leucocythemia” to describe this pathological condition.

High amounts of ionizing radiation exposure can increase the risk of AML. Risk factors include smokingprevious chemotherapy or radiation therapymyelodysplastic syndromeand exposure to the chemical benzene.

Edinburgh Med Surg Leucwmia. Wilhelm Ebstein introduced mieeloide term “acute leukemia” in to differentiate rapidly progressive and fatal leukemias from the more indolent chronic leukemias. While some studies have suggested a link between occupational exposure to benzene and increased risk of AML, [13] others have suggested the attributable risk, if any, is slight.