Controls (ITGCs) Information Technology (“IT”) environments continue to increase in complexity with ever greater reliance on the information. IT general controls (ITGC) are the basic controls that can be applied to IT systems Logical access controls over applications, data and supporting infrastructure. Effect of ITGC on Application. Controls. • Effective IT general controls: – Help make sure that application controls function effectively over time.
|Published (Last):||3 January 2004|
|PDF File Size:||8.87 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.90 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Information technology controls
Information technology controls have been given increased prominence in corporations listed in the United States by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. PC-based spreadsheets or databases are often used to provide critical data or calculations related to financial risk areas within the scope of a SOX assessment.
Responsibility for control over spreadsheets is a shared responsibility with the business users and IT. This focus on risk enables management to significantly reduce the scope of IT general control testing in relative to prior years.
SOX part of United States federal law requires the chief executive and chief financial officers of public companies to attest to the accuracy of financial reports Section and require public companies to establish adequate internal controls over financial reporting Section Controls, other than application controls, which relate to the environment within which computer-based application systems are developed, maintained and operated, and which are therefore applicable to all applications.
Application controls are generally aligned with a business process that gives rise to financial reports.
In business and contorlsinformation technology controls or IT controls are specific activities performed by persons or systems designed to ensure that business objectives are met. This article relies too much on references to primary sources.
Privacy Information technology governance. The IT organization is typically concerned with providing a secure shared drive for cojtrols of the spreadsheets and data backup. IT control objectives relate to the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and the overall management of the IT function of the business enterprise. Retrieved from ” https: Section of Sarbanes-Oxley requires public companies and their public accounting firms to maintain all audit or review work papers for a period of five years from the end of the fiscal period in which the audit or review was concluded.
Audit data retained today may not be retrievable not because of data degradation, but because of obsolete equipment and storage media. They are a itcg of an enterprise’s internal control.
Passage of SOX resulted in an increased focus on IT controls, as these support financial processing and therefore fall into the scope of management’s assessment of internal control under Conteols of SOX. Like application controls, general controls may be either manual or programmed.
The five-year record retention requirement means that current technology must be able to support what conrols stored five years ago. They help ensure the reliability of data generated by IT dontrols and support the assertion that systems ityc as intended and that output is reliable.
To comply with Sectionorganizations should assess their technological capabilities in the following categories:. Public companies must disclose changes in their financial condition or operations in real time to protect investors from delayed reporting of material events. To comply with Sarbanes-Oxley, organizations must understand how the financial reporting process works and must be able to identify the areas where technology plays a critical part.
Section expects organizations to respond to questions on the management of SOX content. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. This includes electronic records which are created, sent, or received in connection with an audit or review. Section requires public companies to disclose information about material changes in their financial condition or operations on a rapid basis.
Information technology controls – Wikipedia
They can support complex calculations and provide significant flexibility. IT application or program controls are fully automated i. Companies must also account for changes that occur externally, such as changes by customers or business partners that could materially impact its own financial positioning e. Financial accounting and enterprise resource planning systems igtc integrated in the initiating, authorizing, processing, and reporting of financial data and may be involved in Sarbanes-Oxley compliance, to the extent they mitigate specific financial risks.
The five components of COSO can be visualized as the horizontal layers of a three-dimensional cube, with the COBIT objective domains-applying to each individually and in aggregate. As external auditors rely to a certain extent on the work of internal audit, it would imply that internal audit records must also comply with Section These controls itfc based on the business purpose of the specific application.
IT-related issues include policy and standards on record retention, protection and destruction, online storage, audit trails, integration with an enterprise repository, market technology, SOX software and more. ITGC usually include the following types of controls:. This page was last edited on 7 Marchat Categories of IT application controls may include:.
Access igtc, on the other hand, exist within these applications or within their supporting systems, such as databasesnetworks and operating systemsare equally important, but do not directly align to a financial assertion.
However, with flexibility and power comes the risk of errors, an increased potential for fraud, and misuse for critical spreadsheets not following the software development lifecycle e.