Learn more about the Mexican cantil – with amazing Mexican cantil photos and facts on Arkive. AnAge entry for Agkistrodon bilineatus. Classification (HAGRID: ) Genus: Agkistrodon; Species: Agkistrodon bilineatus; Common name: Cantil. Snake venom phospholipase A2 (PLA2) that inhibits ADP-induced platelet aggregation. PLA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups.
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Share this image — Hide sharing options. The Mexican cantil is a venomous pitviper that is greatly feared by humans throughout its range 2.
Like all pitvipers, the Mexican cantil has a pair of heat-sensitive pits, located between the eye and nostril on each side of the head 2. Its body is a dark brown ground colour, bilineatuus with darker brown or black bands, often fringed with white or cream scales 2. Juvenile cantils usually possess more distinctive banding and brightly coloured tails, used to lure prey 2 4.
The Mexican cantil has the longest fangs of any species within the Agkistrodon genusgrowing to over one centimetre in length 2. The specific namebilineatusrefers to the pair of striking pale bilineaatus on each side of the head: The diverse habitats occupied by the Mexican cantil throughout its range suggest it is a billneatus species 2.
Individuals have been recorded swimming in streams, marshes and even roadside ditches after nightfall, and the majority of evidence indicates that this species is primarily active at night 2. Adult cantils prey upon a variety of vertebratesincluding amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals 2and there is a single record of a treesnake being consumed 6.
The Mexican cantil gives birth to live young 2. Mating usually occurs between December and April, with individuals giving birth from June until August, bilineatuw the rainy season 2. There are usually five to ten young in a litter, although extremes of three to twenty have been recorded 2. The Mexican cantil is comprised of three geographically distinct subspecies 2 3. Agkistrodon bilineatus howardgloydi is distributed throughout north-western Costa Rica and western Nicaragua, and has a limited range in El Salvador and Honduras 5.
The Mexican cantil occurs in a vast range of habitats, including seasonally dry forest, tropical deciduous forest, tropical scrub forest and savanna 2. Habitat bordering rivers or streams is preferred, but it may also occur in grasslands and agiistrodon lands 1.
Despite its extensive distribution throughout Central America, the Mexican cantil is one of the most endangered snakes in the Americas 2.
This is due to the conversion of tropical forest and agkostrodon scrub for agricultural purposes 5combined with human bilinsatus throughout its fragmented range 1. Populations have suffered declines of nearly 30 percent over the past 30 years and, sadly, populations continue to decrease today 1.
The Mexican cantil occurs in two protected areas in Mexico: This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, bilineatis will be updated as soon as possible.
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Rodents of Unusual Size. Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. Share on Facebook Tweet Send email. Mexican cantil Agkistrodon bilineatus. Also known as cantil, Mexican moccasin. Usambara eyelash viper Atheris ceratophora. Mexican cantil biology The diverse habitats occupied by the Mexican cantil throughout its range suggest it is a semi-aquatic species 2.
Mexican cantil range The Mexican cantil is comprised of three geographically distinct subspecies 2 3. White marlin Kajikia albida.
Albacore tuna Thunnus alalunga. Great agkistrdon owl Bubo virginianus. Mexican cantil habitat The Mexican cantil occurs in a vast range of habitats, including seasonally dry forest, tropical deciduous forest, tropical scrub forest and savanna 2.
Huahachuco water frog Telmatobius brevipes. Martial eagle Polemaetus bellicosus. Mexican cantil threats Despite its extensive distribution throughout Central America, the Mexican cantil is one of the most endangered snakes in the Americas 2.
[Exotic snakes in Europe. A case of Mexican Moccasin (Agkistrodon bilineatus) snakebite].
Mexican cantil conservation The Mexican cantil occurs in two protected areas in Mexico: Find out more To learn about efforts to conserve snakes around the world see: International Reptile Conservation Foundation: Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible.
This species information was authored as part of the Arkive and Universities Scheme. Glossary Generic name The first of the two scientific names by which an animal is identified. A genus tends to contain species that have characteristics bilindatus common.
Invertebrate An animal with no backbone. Invertebrates include insects, crustaceans, worms, molluscs and spiders. Specific name The second of the two scientific names by which an animal is identified.
Agkistrodon bilineatus – Wikipedia
Subspecies A population usually restricted to a geographical area that differs from other populations of the same species, but not to the extent of being classified as a separate species. Vertebrates Animals with a backbone.
Cornell University Press, New York. Molecular Ecology9: Biology of the Pitvipers. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, St. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History Copeia3: X Close Image credit. X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting agkisstrodon code below.
This species is featured in: Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox. Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival.